Turkish Music displayed development in different areas starting from the Seljuk era until the present. These genres could be specified as the classical music developed by the intellectuals in the cities, the Turkish folk music which developed throught centuries as a direct way of expression of the ordinary people of Anatolia, religious music and military music. Pop, rock and jazz, which have shown development in recent times, are some other types of music enjoyed in Turkey.
Classical Turkish Music
Classical Turkish Music, which is a provincial music, has taken a long period to establish and characterize itself. The very first samples are the works of music geniuses and composers such as El-Kindi, Farabi, Safiyüddin Abdul-Mumin Urmevi and Abdulkadir of Meraga. It is accepted that Buhurizade Mustafa Itri Efendi (1640 - 1712) who composed his works towards the end of 17th century, has carried the Classical Turkish Music to is peek.
The fundemental instrument of Turkish Music is Tambur, Ney, Kemençe, Lute, Kanun, Rebab, dulcimer for melody, Tambourine, Kudüm and Halile, for ritm instruments are other examples.
Classical Turkish Music is divided into two tematic main groups, as religious and non-religious. In Classical Turkish Music, which is basically a modal music. There are also numerous rhytm blocks called "Usul". The intermediate sounds that are not present in the Western music are also the elements specific to the Turkish Music. All this provides endless possibilities of movement and wealth of melodies to monophonic Turkish Music.
Educational institutions for the Classical Turkish Music during the Ottoman era were "enderun" and "tekke", tied up to the palace. Darülelhan was the very first official classical Turkish Music school established in the latest years of the Ottoman period. Darülelhan first took the name Istanbul Municipality Conservatory in the Republic period, and then Istanbul University State Conservatory. Today, there is Istanbul technical University Turkish Music Conservatory, established in 1979 and many conservatories of other universities established later on.
State radio stations established in the Republic period served not only for teaching classical Turkish Music, but for its performance as well. ıstanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Diyarbakır, Elazığ, Bursa, Mersin and Samsun. State classical Turkish Music choirs that continue their activities within the body of the Ministry of culture and Tourism, and Istanbul historical Turkish Music group, İstanbul State Turkish Music Research and Practice group, Edirne and İstanbul State Turkish Music Groups and Konya Turkish tasavvuf (religious) Turkish Music Groups and other current institutions af the classik Turkish Music world.
As examples to the leading artists of the republic era, we can name Rauf yekta, Sadettin Arel, Suphi Ezgi, Münir Nurettin Selçuk, Safiye Ayla, sadettin kaynak, Selahattin Pınar, Emin Ongan, Nevzat Atlığ, Alaeddin Yavaşça, Niyazi sayın, Necdet yaşar, Süheyla Altmışdört, Avni Anıl, İsmail hakkı Özkan, Erol Deran, Çinuçen tanrıkorur, meral Uğurlu, İnci çayırlı, Müzeyyen Senar, Zeki Müren and İhsan Özgen.
Turkish Folk Music
The determining characteristic of Turkish folk Music is that it is of anonymous origin. Traditions contunue by melodies being handed down to future generations. Along with the official music policy adapted in the republic era, the Folk melodies were considered the primary source of the "contemporary" Turkish Music to be created. Accordingly, countrywide compilation trips were organised and due importance was attributed to formating an archive by recording the complied melodies. The Ankara State Conservatory recorded by musiacl notation and stored in the archives 10 thousand melodies through continuous efforts until 1952.
State radio broadcasts commercing in 1937 were still another factor in reviving the folk music. The authentic folk music performed on radio by artists such Sadi Yaver Ataman, Tamburacı Osman Pehlivan, Servet Coşkunses and Muzaffer Sarısözen drew great interest. Ruhi Su starting in the early 1960s carried out private studies outside the scope of the radio and pioneered the reinterpretations of the folk tunes.
Eventually, Turkish Folk Music progressed to be the most popular style of music in recent years. Along with the popularizing influance of the radio and television, the endeavors of the State Turkish Folk Music choruses affiliated to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism have also played an important role in this achievement. The first chours was first formed in Ankara in 1986 under the name of Ankara State Turkish Folk Music Chours and then in Şanlıurfa, Sivas and Istanbul. There are also different groups within the body of the Ministry such as Istanbul Modern Folk Music Group, AnkaraTurkish World Music Group, İzmir State Turkish World dance and Music group and Ankara State Folk Dances Group.
Turkish music blog, videos, lyrics and sheet music
This blog is Turkish Music blog that you can find the traditional Turkish art music, Turkish folk music videos, lyrics and sheet music. You can find the makam list at right sidebar, when you click to any makam you can see difference composition at that makam. If you can not find any note, please write here, maybe we can help you.